The DAISY Consortium is pleased to announce the latest release of Obi, the popular open source navigable audio book production tool that enables the creation of books conforming to accessible EPUB 3 / DAISY 3/ DAISY 2.02 specifications.
Version 3.5 presents the capability of producing navigable audio-only EPUB 3 publications. Users can now create a publication conforming to the latest revision of the EPUB 3 audio-only guidelines (http://www.daisy.org/ties/navigable-audio-only-epub3-guidelines). They may also import existing EPUB 3 publications (text-only, navigable audio-only & Media Overlays) for modification or conversion to the EPUB 3 audio-only format.
Obi 3.5 includes EPUB 3 Validator to ensure compliance with the EPUB 3 standard, which uses IDPF’s EPUBCheck Validator in the back end. It also introduces the ability to import MP4 files, thereby broadening the scope of Obi users to re-use and re-purpose existing audio content from the web & EPUB 3 publications.
This latest release also introduces the features prioritized by DAISY members, which include:
- Capability of importing structure from CSV or delimited text file. These files can be created by entering the structure information of the book in any spreadsheet software, such as Microsoft Excel, and saving it in the CSV or delimited text file format.
- Introduction of audio profiles for one-click configuration of audio preferences; enabling you to configure the behavior of recording and playback to suit your requirements.
- Smart access to various playback options via Playing Options button on transport bar, and new additions to the Recording Options button.
- Framework for integrating audio processing libraries for functions such as amplification, normalization, etc.
Plus many other enhancements & bug fixes.
The new Obi comes with Japanese & Arabic language packs, along with updates to the French language pack. Thanks go to the following organizations for the translations:
- Assistive Technology Development Organization (Japan) for Japanese
- Bibliotheca Alexandrina (Egypt) for Arabic
- Association Valentin Haüy (France) for continuously updating the French translations.
Please visit the Obi project area to check out the full list of features and improvements:
and download Version 3.5 at
The Obi - Tobi team is committed to enrich Obi with new features. This allows to bring Obi in-sync with the upcoming technologies, as well as serve the members by incorporating the features requested by them. As a result, Obi has become more advanced, convenient and efficient to use.
The DAISY Consortium would like to extend a special thanks to all contributors for their valuable feedback and support.
The 30th Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference, also known as the CSUN Conference, invites submissions of papers for this conference to be held March 2-7, 2015 at the San Diego Manchester Grand Hyatt hotel. The General Call for Papers will be held from August 25, 2014, to October 10, 2014. To begin a submission, visit the General Call for Papers Procedures & Instructions page.
For detailed information about submitting a Scientific/Research Track Call for Papers Proposal, visit the Journal Call for Papers page.
The Web Accessibility Training Day at NFB in Baltimore is coming up soon, and seats are filling fast. Don’t miss the opportunity to attend as the speakers are stellar, and the content is immediately useful to anyone dealing with accessibility. You can find the full program at http://nfb.org/web-accessibility-day. Organizers are looking forward to welcoming you at the Jernigan Institute on September 9th. Registration will close on August 29th.
Pyxima, the developer of the Online DAISY platform, is the Premium Sponsor at IFLA's WLIC 2014 Satellite Conference on August 22-23, 2014 in Paris.
On Friday, August 22nd, starting at 15:30, they will demonstrate the apps that are currently being used by more than 35.000 reading impaired persons in Norway, Sweden and Belgium. In addition, the new Online DAISY app will soon be added to the App store.
On Saturday, August 23rd, starting at 14:30, Pyxima staff will be talking about their project for lending e-books from 300 public libraries in Belgium. In association with this project, they have developed an app for lending e-books from the library and reading these publications online and offline. This app is the first one in the world to combine the Readium open source EPUB reader with the DAISY Online Delivery Protocol.
See the full conference program at http://inova.snv.jussieu.fr/ifla-lpd/colloques/colloques/83_programme_en.html.
During the 2014 call for nominations, the ISIF Asia Award program received 93 nominations across the four categories from 16 economies in the Asia Pacific. Each winner received a cash prize of AUD 3,000 to support the continuation of the project or the organization conducting the activities and a travel grant for a project representative to participate at the 9th Internet Governance Forum (Istanbul, Turkey. 2-5 September 2014) to showcase their project, make new professional contacts, and participate in discussions about the future of the Internet.
The Associate Member of the DAISY Consortium, Young Power in Social Action, won in the Innovation on learning and localization category, for accessible reading materials for grades 1-10 students with print disability through DAISY standard. YPSA's project in Bangladesh supports students with print and learning disabilities, and low literacy by creating access to DAISY full text and full audio digital books, Braille books and accessible e- course books. Approximately four million Bangladeshis are visually impaired, and around 48 per cent of the population is illiterate or low literate. YPSA, along with the Prime Minister¹s Office, has produced DAISY digital multimedia books for the student of years 1 to 5, which proved accessible and cost effective. YPSA will now extend the range of textbooks to cover the entire secondary level. Congratulations, YPSA!
Date and time: August 7th at 11 Pacific, noon Mountain, 1 Central and 2 PM Eastern
Presenters: Wunji Lau and Dave Schleppenbach from gh, LLC.
ReadHear is an e-book reader for Windows and Mac OS with versatile audio features, synchronized highlighting, and support for a wide range of file formats. ReadHear provides built-in support for MathML enabling access to STEM textbooks, coursework, and other educational and professional materials.
Presenters will describe the features and functions of the ReadHear software and summarize research studies using ReadHear in educational settings, and explain how the software handles math content.
Register for the August 7th webinar on the EASI website.
There are almost two million people in the UK living with sight loss. Over 90% of these individuals have some remaining vision. The Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB), Full Member of the DAISY Consortium, are developing smart glasses that enable those with very limited vision to make use of what sight remains, increasing confidence and providing richer ways to navigate and communicate with people. The prototype has already enabled users to identify faces and obstacles more clearly than they have seen for years.
Within 18 months, RNIB hope to be able to revolutionize the lives of 1,000 people living with sight loss, providing the foundations to create a low-cost version with additional functionality for people with sight loss around the world. Vote to make their vision a reality.
The International Publishers Association (IPA) has appointed Mark Bide as its special adviser on digital publishing, standards and accessibility strategy.
IPA Secretary General Jens Bammel said: “In the area of standards, metadata and infrastructure development, we need to provide leadership and strategic advice to our members. Mark has been a trusted expert and strategic visionary in this area for more than 20 years. His roles at digital consultancy Rightscom, industry standards body EDItEUR and the Publishers Licensing Society have given him a wealth of experience. IPA is delighted that we can count on his insight into the drivers of our digital future.”
He added: “Promoting accessibility is a strategic issue for publishing. Not only can technical improvements enable publishers to reach new customers; accessibility features can unlock the potential of digital publications in ways that mainstream consumers will value. Mark will play a major role in helping the publishing industry embrace accessibility.”
Bide said he was "delighted” to be able to support the IPA in these areas of activity.
He stated: “Helping the global publishing industry to understand how to change and what they can do to become great digital publishers, particularly how they can improve access to their publications for people with print disability, will be an exciting challenge.” More information is provided in the official press release.
DAISY Members, the American Printing House for the Blind (APH), and Bookshare, announced a new collaboration that gives readers who are visually impaired easier and integrated access to hundreds of thousands of book titles all at one site using APH’s Louis Plus database. “Instead of visiting several websites and searching each site individually, a person seeking accessible books can now search many sites at one time using our Louis Plus database to streamline the process,” said Julia Myers, Director of Resource Services at APH.
In 1989, APH first created a file repository that would later become the Louis Database of Accessible Materials. In addition to materials from APH, the database grew to include information on more than 390,000 accessible books and other materials produced by over 160 organizations throughout the U.S. These items include K-12 textbooks that are available in braille, large print, audio, and electronic format.
“Providing easier access to printed materials through integrated searches has been one of our goals,” said Betsy Beaumon, Vice President and General Manager of the Literacy Program at Benetech. “We’re so pleased that we could collaborate with our partner APH to make it a reality.”
More information is provided in the official press release.
The Victor Reader Stream version 4.4 update brings new wireless features including online podcasts and wireless access to the NLS BARD service. Stream users can enjoy the ability to search and browse podcasts, subscribe with a single key press and have new episodes automatically downloaded wirelessly to the Stream. Users eligible for the NLS BARD library service will be able to access over 50,000 digital books and magazines, searching by author or key word, by browsing over 100 categories, and via their own personal wish list that can be managed both on the Stream and through the NLS BARD website.
“Following the addition of internet radio, wireless access to Bookshare and Wikipedia, wireless access to NLS BARD and the ability to enjoy online podcasts have been among the most frequently requested features and we are delighted to bring them to the Victor Reader Stream and in a way that users will find to be both easy and enjoyable” said Matthew Janusauskas Technical Product Manager. More information is provided on the HumanWare website. The latest new features are currently in beta.
DAISY Consortium is pleased to announce the new release of the next generation open source multimedia book production tool, Tobi.
Tobi is a unique software tool that can produce books compliant with both the DAISY 3 and the mainstream EPUB 3 specifications. It includes the unique capability of adding accessibility enhancements, such as image descriptions, to the mainstream EPUB 3 publications.
The new release makes the production of EPUB 3 files more efficient. It introduces the Split and Merge command for EPUB projects, empowering the users to divide a large Tobi project created from EPUB 3 publication into sub-projects, so that they can be distributed for parallel production. These projects can then be updated concurrently and finally merged back together to form a completely updated Tobi project.
Specifically, the behaviors of the recording and playback commands have been refined to provide uninterrupted recording, and smart playback that stops automatically on occasions where screen reader speech needs more attention. In addition, rendering of MathML expressions now happens on selection, to reduce the loading time of projects. This release also addresses reported issues and includes other bug fixes.
To download Tobi or to learn more about it, please visit the Tobi project area http://www.daisy.org/tobi/.
For more information about what’s new in this release, please visit the change log http://www.daisy.org/tobi/change-log.
Delhi: India has become the first country to ratify the Marrakesh Treaty to facilitate access to published works for persons who are blind, visually impaired or print disabled. The treaty would also go a long way towards establishing equal rights and opportunities for education and employment for them, the ministry of human resource development said in a statement.
The treaty, which was ratified on June 30th, will facilitate import of accessible format copies from member states by authorized entities in India such as educational institutions and libraries serving the needs of visually impaired persons, the statement added.
Once the treaty comes into effect, it will enable ease of access to published works for blind, visually impaired and otherwise print disabled persons in India. So far, 79 World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) member states have signed the treaty, which will come into force once 20 countries have ratified it.
“The development will also facilitate translation of imported accessible format copies and export of accessible format copies in Indian languages,” said the statement. the Indian Copyright (Amendment) Act, 2012, is in harmony with the Marrakesh Treaty, available on the WIPO website also in text-only DAISY format.
The World Intellectual Property Organization and a group of key partners including the DAISY Consortium, are launching a new alliance to boost the number of books in accessible format for use by hundreds of millions of people around the globe who are blind, visually impaired, or otherwise print disabled, most of whom live in less-developed regions.ABC was created to help implement the objectives of the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled at a practical level through work in three areas: the sharing of technical skills in developing and least developed countries to produce and distribute books in accessible formats, promoting inclusive publishing, and building an international database and book exchange of accessible books. The Marrakesh Treaty was adopted by WIPO’s members on June 27, 2013 and will enter into force once it has been ratified by 20 nations.
“The launch of the Accessible Books Consortium advances global efforts to increase the number of books available for use by people with print disabilities,” said WIPO Director General Francis Gurry. “We are pleased that ABC’s stakeholders are fully committed to collaborating and ensuring the success of this initiative,” he added. More information is provided in the official press release on the WIPO website.
EPUB 3.0.1 has been approved by the IDPF membership as a final Recommended Specification, superseding EPUB 3.0 to become the current version of the EPUB Standard. EPUB 3.0.1 is a minor revision, focusing on bug fixes and errata for the 3.0 specification, together with several minor backwards-compatible additions. A quorum of 95 IDPF member representatives voted in this election (50% of eligible members), with 93 voting in favor and 1 voting against (with 1 abstention), for an overall approval percentage of 99%, exceeding the Super-Majority of 66%, required by IDPF policies and procedures.
The EPUBCheck validation tool is expected to include complete support for EPUB 3.0.1 by August of this year, in conjunction with which samples for the new features of 3.0.1 are being developed. The EPUB Reading System Test Suite will be updated to include tests for 3.0.1 during the same timeframe. In addition, the Readium open source implementation of EPUB rendering already supports several EPUB 3.0.1 features and expects to deliver full support during this year.
"The Second Circuit of the US Court of Appeals upheld critical points of decision issued by Judge Howard Baer, Jr. in Author's Guild et al. vs HathiTrust et al., finding that digitization for full-text search and access for print-disabled readers is fair use under US law.
HathiTrust has to an unprecedented degree expanded access to the collections of our partner libraries, making them accessible in new ways to researchers and readers around the world. We are especially proud of our services to provide access for print-disabled persons. We would like to extend a special thanks to the many researchers, legal scholars, libraries, and other individuals and organizations for their continued support and use of HathiTrust. Although the court returned one matter to the lower court, we are very happy with today's ruling and feel confident that future decisions will continue to uphold the work that we do." Source: HathiTrust website.
Also read Fair Use Victory Advances a Future of Accessibility for All by Jim Fruchterman on Beneblog.
This week, government representatives and stakeholders met approximately 10 years after 2005 UN-led World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). A complete, fully functioning information society has not been achieved yet. The WSIS+10 High-Level Event (WSIS+10 HLE) of the UN International Telecommunication Union (ITU) took place June 10-13.
Meeting participants discussed progress made in the implementation of the original WSIS outcomes and adopted two new outcome documents to be considered by the UN General Assembly in 2015. These new documents highlight work done so far, and take note of new developments in recent years, such as broadband, social networks, mobility, digital inclusion, massive open online courses (MOOCs) and e-participation. But mainly the vision of inclusion of all groups of people in the information society has been reinstated.
The “Final WSIS Targets Review" was also released this week. This document “reviews progress made on each one of the WSIS Targets, which range from connecting villages, schools and health centres to developing content and providing people with ICT access,” according to the summary. More information is provided on the ITU website.
Stephen King, President of the DAISY Consortium, chaired a session on Tuesday, June 10th at 11:00 am at the M-Enabling Summit. This session was titled e-Publishing on Mobile: Maximizing Opportunities for Seniors and Persons with Disabilities.
Millions of e-books, as well as newspapers and magazines, are now readily available on mobile devices. How can persons with disabilities or seniors with reading impairments benefit from these trends? This panel, led by the DAISY Consortium, examined how technology, leading e-publishing platform vendors, the publishing industry and advances in copyrights law around the world can maximize opportunities for persons with disabilities for e-publications delivery on mobile platforms.
- Michele Woods, Director, Copyright Law Division, Culture and Creative Industries Sector, World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
- Rick Johnson, VP of Product Management and Sales Engineering, Vital Source Technologies
- MaryLee Perkins, Technology Manager, Center for Independent Living of Middle Tennessee
- Kathleen Wahlbin, Senior Accessibility Specialist, Global Accessibility Solutions Team, Pearson
- Glinda Hill, OSERS: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, U.S. Department of Education
The full agenda of the M-Enabling Summit is available on the summit website.
The International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) has announced the elevation of four specifications to public draft status: EPUB 3 EDUPUB Profile, Open Annotation in EPUB, EPUB Distributable Objects, and EPUB Widget Packaging and Integration. These specifications were developed by the EPUB 3 Working Group. Member and broader community review on these initial drafts are solicited through June 30, 2014. Members and non-members are welcome to submit comments via email to the IDPF / DAISY CTO and EPUB Working Group co-chair Markus Gylling.
The EDUPUB initiative is a global alliance of standards organizations and stakeholders developing a comprehensive model for exchanging and distributing learning content based on EPUB 3, the overall Open Web Platform, and other emerging and adopted standards.
The next meeting of the EDUPUB alliance, EDUPUB Europe 2014 will take place on June 19, 2014 in Oslo, Norway. Register at http://edupubeurope.eventbrite.com/. For more information, please visit the IDPF website.
Blaze EZ, a new device available from HIMS Inc. improves independence and fast access to printed materials. This digital book reader decreases the need for a laptop, camera, scanner or personal assistance from a relative or friend. Blaze EZ is about the size of a deck of cards, and in addition to OCR text-to-speech access to printed text, it has the capability to read and/or play various digital document and media formats including DAISY books, Word documents and PDF files, music, Internet radio and more.
Students will now be able to listen to their textbooks in DAISY and other digital formats, and then take their Blaze EZ into the library for instant access to printed text with the touch of a single button. Professionals can scan and sort mail, review interoffice memos and browse restaurant menus independently while at lunch with their coworkers.
Blaze EZ features high-quality stereo speakers for high quality audio output and a built-in microphone for recording school lectures or business meetings. Built-in Wi-Fi adds easy access to podcasts, Internet radio and downloadable content such as DAISY and eBooks. An FM radio and talking clock are other beneficial features of this device for the blind. More information is provided in the official press release.
The Centre for Equitable Library Access officially launched its new national service which provides accessible library services and materials to Canadians with print disabilities. The announcement was made at the Canadian Library Association’s National Conference in Victoria, BC.
Over three million Canadians have a print disability. This could be a learning, physical or visual disability that prevents a person from reading conventional print. For the 10 per cent of Canadians who have a print disability, access to reading materials in alternate formats like audio, braille and described video is often an ongoing challenge. Research shows that access to a broad range of reading materials has a direct and positive impact on a child’s success in school and in life. CELA makes it possible for these Canadians to gain easy access to a wealth of reading materials, in formats of their choice, right in their own communities through their local public library.
CELA audio books are available in either MP3 or DAISY format and can be listened to on user's computer or audio playback devices.
More information is provided in the official press release.
SuperNova 14, immediately available, dramatically expands reading opportunities for a wide range of blind and partially sighted people. Thousands of books, hard copy print documents and tricky PDFs are made accessible with magnification, speech and Braille. SuperNova 14 also introduces the most straightforward touch screen access to the latest Windows tablets and laptops for low vision users who rely on magnification.
Richard Orme, Dolphin's Director of Innovation, who joined the company in 2013, says: "For decades Dolphin's screen access and alt format solutions have provided life changing opportunities for people who are blind or low vision throughout their education and professional careers. Now, Dolphin is partnering with leading providers of accessible content to boost access to books for millions of people who are blind, visually impaired and print-disabled."
Blind and partially sighted people can conveniently browse and search best sellers, classics and periodicals directly from the new Bookshelf tab within the SuperNova 14 Control Panel. Content from Bookshare® and other trusted library partners is made instantly accessible with magnification, speech and Braille. If you need to take books with you, SuperNova 14 can transfer titles to portable MP3 and DAISY players for reading on the go. You can also stay informed and entertained with SuperNova 14's convenient access to popular selections of internet radio stations, podcasts and news feeds.
More information is provided in the official press release.
CAST has a new website: “On Course: Universal Design for Learning in Higher Education”. This site contains a series of resources designed to help postsecondary institutions improve instruction through Universal Design for Learning (UDL). The press release about the new site is available at: http://www.cast.org/about/news/2014-05-14.html.
Built with responsive design to allow optimal viewing on mobile, laptop, and desktop devices, On Course focuses on the implementation of UDL at the postsecondary level in five areas: (1) Assessment, (2) Improving Institutional Policies and Practices, (3) Selecting Media and Technology, (4) Planning Your Course, and (5) Teaching Approaches. Each area contains resources that demonstrate ways to address learner variability in an effort to improve learning opportunities, retention, and outcomes.
On Course is a project of the Open Professionals Education Network (OPEN), a collaborative of CAST, Creative Commons, the Open Learning Initiative at Stanford and Carnegie Mellon, and the Washington State Board for Community & Technical Colleges. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation created OPEN as a way to support community college grantees of the U.S. Department of Labor’s Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College & Career Training (TAACCCT) program, which aims to help adults succeed in acquiring the skills, degrees, and credentials needed for high-wage, high-skill employment.
Together with BrailleNet, the IFLA section for Library Services to the Print Disabled (LPD) is organizing a two day event in Paris in August 2014. Please take notice that the full program for this IFLA/LPD joint conference on eBooks is now available on the conference website.
The conference is open for everybody, and of special interest to those who want to learn more about how eBooks can open up reading possibilities for those who cannot read print.
This event will take place as a satellite conference in Paris, directly after IFLA’s annual conference in Lyon. Organizers were able to pull together a strong and interesting program making up a full two day program, August 22-23. Go and visit the conference website: eBooks for everyone! An opportunity for more inclusive libraries. The early registration discount will be available until June 15th.
Many audiences have difficulty using complex websites, including people with blindness, hearing loss, physical disabilities, and cognitive disorders. Learn how to make your sites accessible to all with support assistive technologies. Understand which fonts, colors, page layouts, and other design elements work best, without excluding advanced functions.
Ebooks from http://shop.oreilly.com are DRM-free and O'Reilly offers a 50% discount on two accessibility related e-books, available also in DAISY and EPUB formats until May 10, 2014 at 5AM PT. Check out this special offer now.
Whether you are planning to participate in a public or private event to mark Global Accessibility Awareness Day on May 15th, organizers encourage designers, developers, usability professionals, and everyone else to take an hour to experience first-hand the impact of digital accessibility (or lack there of). Various ideas for participation are provided on the Global Accessibility Awareness Day website.
World Intellectual Property Organization delegates will meet again. The 27th session of the World Intellectual Property Organization Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR) will take place from April 28 to May 2nd. Also on the agenda of the copyright committee are exceptions and limitations for libraries and archives, for which the nature of the instrument(s) that would provide such exceptions is not yet defined.
Another agenda item is a proposal on a copyright consortium for managing books for visually impaired persons.
April 23rd is a symbolic date for world literature. It is on this date in 1616 that Cervantes, Shakespeare and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega all died. It is also the date of birth or death of other prominent authors, such as Maurice Druon, Haldor K.Laxness, Vladimir Nabokov, Josep Pla and Manuel Mejía Vallejo.
UNESCO's General Conference was held in Paris in 1995, to pay tribute to books and authors on this date, encouraging everyone, including young people, to discover the joy of reading. In this regard, UNESCO created the World Book and Copyright Day. More information is available on the UNESCO website.
CNIB invites session proposals by April 30th for its 2014 CNIB National Braille Conference - BRAILLE +, that will take place October 30th and 31st in Toronto. The conference will offer a variety of workshops, roundtables, panels and presentations that are interactive, practical, skill-based, research-based and/or theoretical. Organizers encourage proposals from a wide range of different perspectives. Your session should be informative and facilitate discussion and should provide reference materials such as prepared handouts.
Proposals should fall within one of the three broad conference themes. Some examples include:
Education and Transition:
Unified English Braille (UEB); teaching techniques and/or philosophies; being prepared for school; first job experiences; increasing independence, soft and social skills; increasing technical skills; mentorship and peer support.
Digital Literacy and Accessibility:
Braille software and hardware; online privacy and digital footprint; social media for personal and professional uses; smartphones, tablets and apps for everyday activities; new developments in assistive technology and mainstream products; increasing sensory accessibility/ usability in the workplace and the community.
Advocacy and Government Policies:
Braille literacy; vision health; employment; accessibility; technology; transportation; funding for services; built environment; consumer advocacy; multi-stakeholder approaches: working with service providers, employers and governments.
More information is provided on the CNIB website.
DAISY Consortium is pleased to announce the new release of the next generation open source multimedia book production tool, Tobi.
Tobi is a rare software tool that can produce books compliant with the mainstream EPUB 3 specifications as well as advanced accessible publishing requirements. The new version is equipped with the capability of adding full-text, full-audio image descriptions to EPUB 3 media overlays. This feature enables DAISY production centres and other organizations producing accessible content to add accessibility enhancements to the mainstream EPUB 3 publications. This is an important step in the direction of embedding advanced accessibility features in publications that have basic built-in accessibility.
Other additions include a basic framework for integrating audio processing libraries (this includes operations such as normalization, amplification, increasing/decreasing speech rate ), as well as direct commands for creating text-to-speech for the entire book, and regular bug fixes.
The latest version of Tobi is also available in Spanish. Thank you goes to Juan Islas Carbajal from Presta Tu Voz, Mexico for the translations.
To learn more about Tobi, please visit Tobi project area (http://www.daisy.org/tobi/). For more information about what’s new in this release, please visit the change log (http://www.daisy.org/tobi/change-log).
World Book Night was created in 2011 in England and Ireland to encourage reading and bring attention to adult literacy, according to the World Book Night website. This is different than World Book Day, which brings attention to books for schoolchildren. World Book Night celebrates Shakespeare’s birthday and International Day of the Book.
Hundreds of thousands of books will be given away as part of the annual celebration of reading and books on April 23rd, 2014. More information is provided on the World Book Night website.