Current DAISY News items are posted below . A list of Archived News items is also available.
The DAISY Consortium is pleased to announce the latest release of Obi, the popular open source navigable audiobook creation tool that produces books conforming to the accessible EPUB 3, DAISY 3 and DAISY 2.02 specifications. Obi's source code is available for anyone to run, modify and redistribute.
Obi 3.6 brings an incremental release that includes advanced features requested by DAISY members. It introduces the capability to export books in newer audio formats (MP4, AMR, and 3GP). Updated Obi enables integration with the existing production management software of DAISY Consortium members via the configuration file.
Other enhancements include the ability to perform operations on multiple sections simultaneously and create sequenced audio data files with customizable file sizes during project cleanup to reduce the response time when the project is loaded from a network. Other miscellaneous improvements and bug fixes are also included in this release.
New Obi comes with Chinese (Traditional) language pack. Thanks goes to The Hong Kong Society for the Blind for the translation. We would also like to thank Hannu Tiihonen for updating the Finnish language pack.
Please visit the Obi project area to check out the full list of features and improvements: http://www.daisy.org/obi/.
Download Version 3.6 at http://www.daisy.org/obi/download/.
The Obi-Tobi team is committed to enriching Obi with new features, bringing it in sync with the upcoming technologies. First and foremost, we want to serve DAISY members by incorporating the features requested by them to make working with Obi more and more efficient.
The DAISY Consortium would like to extend a special thanks to all contributors for their valuable feedback and support.
The Marrakesh Treaty was adopted on June 27, 2013. Uruguay has become the 4th country to ratify the Treaty after El Salvador, India and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The Treaty has a humanitarian and social development aspect, critical for the establishment of a legal framework to allow the production and distribution and cross-border sharing of books in accessible formats. The Accessible Books Consortium supports the objectives of the Marrakesh Treaty. Through its three main activities, ABC aims to increase the worldwide availability of accessible books. More information about the work of the Accessible Book Consortium will be provided in the December issue of the DAISY Planet newsletter.
The Victor Reader line of talking book players offers new wireless Internet connectivity features for both the Victor Reader Stratus and Victor Reader Stream models. Users can get navigable DAISY audiobooks directly on their Victor Reader without having to use a computer or wait for a CD in the mail.
In 1999, the first Victor Reader played digital books on CDs distributed to users by free postal delivery. Now, with wireless connectivity, libraries for the blind are delivering digital talking books, magazines, and newspapers directly to the newest Victor Reader players over the Internet. Never in the 70 years of talking books for the blind has the published content been delivered so quickly and easily.
With over 15 years in the global marketplace and over 500,000 players in use, HumanWare continues to innovate with Victor Reader. Now, Victor Reader extends its talking book, document, and music playback features to the wireless world where downloaded books and newspapers, streaming radio stations and online Wikipedia reference tools become part of Victor Reader’s access to digital content. Users continue to navigate the new online content through the player’s easy to use bookshelf interface.
The newspaper download services in various countries use the DAISY Online Delivery web service developed by the DAISY Consortium.
A free webinar was held on December 3rd for International Day of Persons with Disabilities featuring the work to improve literacy for children with disabilities. Save the Children shared the challenges and successes of targeting a reading program for children with learning disabilities in Sri Lanka.
Attendees heard from grantee, Perkins International, whose innovation has directly impacted the lives of children who are blind and those with low vision through four key areas:
- training of teachers in three schools practicing inclusive education for the blind and those with low vision
- family and community engagement
- distribution of assistive devices
- repair of Perkins Braillers.
Webinar recording will be posted to the All Children Reading website.
Over 1 billion people in the world live with some form of disability. Persons with disabilities not only face physical barriers but also social, economic and attitudinal barriers. Furthermore, disability is associated with twenty per cent of global poverty, of which the majority live in developing countries. In spite of being the world’s largest minority group, persons with disabilities and the issue of disability has remained largely invisible in the mainstream development frameworks and its processes.
Since 1992, the annual observance of the International Day of Disabled Persons aims to promote an understanding of disability issues and mobilize support for the rights and well-being of persons with disabilities.
The observance of this year’s International Day of Persons with Disabilities (IDPD) provides an opportunity to further raise awareness of disability as a cross-cutting development issue. The theme of this year's commemoration, “Sustainable Development: The promise of technology” marks the conclusion of the period of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGS) in 2015 and the launching of the new development framework of sustainable development goals (SDGs). More information is provided on the United Nations: Enable website.
The UNESCO International Conference on the Role of ICTs for Persons with Disabilities in New Delhi seeks to harness the opportunities that ICTs offer for empowering persons with disabilities by sharing best practices, solutions and knowledge. Across the world, there are over one billion women and men with disabilities, with 80 percent living in rural areas of developing countries. These individuals are more likely to experience poverty and unemployment, to suffer from illiteracy and social exclusion.
In a video message, Professor Stephen Hawking, author of “A Brief History of Time,” appealed for the “need to make sure technology becomes available to those who need it so that no one lives in silence. I speak for people who cannot hear. Without technology, I would not be able to ask for a cup of tea, let alone speak about my theory of the universe.”
Opening the conference, Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad, Minister of Communications and Information Technology, affirmed that the Digital India program is a priority of the Indian Government. More information is provided on the UNESCO website.
Learn techniques for handling images in eBook design and production with a special section on accessibility.
EBOOK NINJAS: IMAGES is an intensive, hands-on one-day workshop in NYC for eBook developers, digital book production and design professionals, and anyone involved in creating and testing eBook files. Sign up to gain a a thorough understanding of basic and advanced techniques for creating, editing, sizing, managing, and styling images in eBooks.
You'll also learn the special techniques and technologies necessary to design and produce eBook files for the widest possible readership.
The day-long workshop is taught by master eBook developer Joshua Tallent of eBook Architects, a division of Firebrand Technologies. It will be followed by a knowledge and skills test based on the information covered in the workshop, which can be taken at home at a later date. Certificates of Completion will be awarded to all students who successfully complete the test.
Date: Tuesday, December 2, 2014. Time: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM. Place: Google, 111 8th Avenue, New York, NY 10011.
Price: $550 for BISG members | $ 675.00 for non-members. Please note you will need to log in first to access member pricing; use your email address as your user name. Please email info(at)bisg.org with any questions.
The World Blind Union Asia Pacific (WBUAP) Mid-Term Regional General Assembly (Nov. 21- 24, 2014) is concluding in Hong Kong with over 350 delegates, participants and distinguished guests from over 30 countries in attendance. It started with an opening speech delivered by the officiating guest, Mrs. Lam Cheng Yuet-Ngor, GBS, JP, Chief Secretary for Administration, HKSAR. The text of her speech is now available online.
In addition, the Office of the Government Chief Information Officer (OGCIO) organized a Seminar on Inclusive e-Learning for university lecturers, eTextbook publishers and stakeholder organizations on November 24th. Leading experts from the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY) Consortium shared their expertise on making learning content accessible as well as the latest trends. A recently released video on Web accessibility, available on YouTube, was demonstrated. More information is provided at http://www.cyberport.hk/en/ict_connect/ict_events/2327.
The 15th International Mobility Conference program will be shaped around the theme “A world of innovation”. It will provide an opportunity to reflect on the developments in mobility and environmental accessibility as well as developing technologies in orientation and perception. Experts will also get a chance to discuss how to prepare for innovative services for seniors.
The host organizations include the School of Optometry of the Montreal University, the Institut Nazareth & Louis-Braille, the Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB), as well as partners such as Leader Dogs for the Blind, Vision Australia, Mira, and many more.
Practitioners and researchers are invited to submit their presentation abstracts for the 15th International Mobility Conference (IMC15) to be held in Montreal, Canada from July 6-9, 2015 by December 1st, 2014.
For full guidelines and topics please visit http://www.imc15.com.
“How We Read: A Sensory History of Books for Blind People” is a free exhibition exploring the history of assistive technologies that have been created to help blind people read. From raised print to talking books and optophones, a fascinating range of historic artefacts will be on display from museums and other centres dedicated to preserving the heritage of blindness. There will also be a series of hands-on activities, interactive workshops, and live performances allowing visitors to try out for themselves alternative ways of reading.
The exhibition runs from 17th-23rd November 2014, with a special reception and other events planned for Saturday, November 22nd. Full details can be found on the event website.
What is World Usability Day? A single day of events occurring around the world that brings together communities of professional, industrial, educational, citizen, and government groups for a common objective: to ensure that the services and products are easier to access and simpler to use. It is about celebration and education – celebrating the strides we have made in creating usable products and educating the masses about how usability impacts our daily lives. It is about making our world work better. It is about reaching out to the common citizen and spreading the message. 109 events in 36 countries are being planned in 2014. More information is available on the World Usability Day website.
Techshare Middle East is a conference and exhibition discussing accessibility and assistive technology at a national and regional level with international participation. It provides a chance to network, share experiences and influence the future of accessibility throughout the Middle East. Techshare Middle East is taking place in Doha, Qatar on November 4th and 5th, 2014 bringing together a range of experts and stakeholders including the DAISY Consortium representatives and members. More information is provided on the Techshare Middle East website.
- Clear, streamlined information: Find out if Bookshare is right for you. Read your first book with new information. Enjoy simpler pages, and helpful images that are fully described.
- My Bookshare: Manage your account, see your book history and download reading tools with a new personalized information page.
- Improved search: Find the books you want by searching by title, author, or ISBN. Improved algorithm allows you to get better results.
- Updated Help Center: Find answers to your Bookshare questions by visiting the revamped Help Center. It has a new well-organized FAQ list, as well as a much improved search feature.
- Training Center: Access new and updated training videos, webinars, online courses, training tools, and learning resources.
- Get Involved: Learn how you can connect with Bookshare’s ever-growing volunteer, Mentor Teacher, Parent Ambassador, and social media communities.
More information is provided on the Bookshare blog.
The European Commission has proposed the ratification, on behalf of the European Union, of the Marrakesh Treaty to facilitate access to published works for persons who are blind, have low vision or are otherwise print disabled. The Treaty will ensure that books in formats such as Braille, large print, e-books as well as audio books with special navigation features, produced under copyright exceptions, can be exchanged across borders, not only within the EU but also between the EU and third countries.
“The Marrakesh Treaty will simplify the lives of millions of people with vision disabilities around the world. The EU can help to improve access to books with equal conditions for all and contribute to the fight against the book famine. The Commission’s proposal is a signal that Europe is ready to support the rapid entry into force of this important Treaty. I count on the Council and the European Parliament to authorize the ratification as soon as possible.” said Michel Barnier, Vice President of the European Commission in charge of Internal Market and Services.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that 285 million people worldwide have vision impairments: 39 million are blind and 246 million have low vision.
The World Blind Union reports that in Europe only 5% of published books are available in an accessible format for people with vision disabilities, while in developing countries this rate is as low as 1%.
More information is provided in the official press release.
Bones AG has announced the availability of a new member of the Milestone family, the Milestone M112 Ace.
The Milestone M112 Ace offers the simplicity of the Milestone 112 and shines with two new features:
- Easy to use and precise clock
- With a touch of a button, your Milestone M112 Ace tells you what time it is.
Now you can take notes at any time. It doesn't matter if the Milestone 112 Ace was recently in use or is in power saving mode. Just press the recording button until you hear the recording signal and start taking notes. Available in Europe starting October 20th, 2014. More information is provided on the Bones AG website.
As with other learning disabilities, dyslexia is a lifelong challenge. This language processing disorder can affect reading, writing, spelling and speaking. Dyslexia is not a sign of poor intelligence. Children and adults with dyslexia have a neurological disorder that causes their brains to process and interpret information differently. Dyslexia occurs among people of all economic and ethnic backgrounds.
Most of classroom activities are based on reading and writing. It's important to identify dyslexia as early as possible. Using alternate learning methods and materials, including DAISY, people with dyslexia can achieve success. Each October, the International Dyslexia Association aims to raise awareness of the signs and symptoms of dyslexia and offer resources to parents, teachers, and individuals with dyslexia. Their 2014 Campaign is dedicated to families. Every dollar raised will help provide handbooks to families around the world.
From October 1-31, 2014 you can make a donation to ensure that the IDA Dyslexia Handbook: What Every Family Should Know, gets into the hands of as many families as possible. A donation of just $10, will get a handbook to ten families. The more parents can be informed, the more children can be helped. Details are provided on the IDA website.
The World Sight Day is held on the second Thursday of every October, making October 9th the day for eye awareness in 2014.
It was initiated by the Lions International Club and integrated with the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) task force known as Vision 2020, in October 2000.
The primary focus of this day is to educate various communities about avoidable blindness. According to the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB), by the year 2020, the number of blind people will increase to 76 million. More information is provided on the IAPB website.
As part of the Department of Education's First in the World program, AMAC Accessibility Solutions & Research Center, a part of the Georgia Tech College of Architecture, was recently awarded $3.8 million over four years to create the Center for Accessible Materials Innovation. This center, which will target students at minority serving institutions (MSIs), will expand access to digital content for students with disabilities, thereby improving their retention and graduation rates. More information is provided on the Georgia Tech, College of Architecture website.
Training workshop on “Inclusive Publishing” was organized September 15 to 17, 2014 at the BASIS Auditorium, Dhaka. This program was conducted by the DAISY Consortium with support from WIPO and Accessible Books Consortium. The partner organizations from Bangladesh were Access to Information program, Prime Minister's Office (A2I), Government of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Association of Software and Information Services (BASIS) and YPSA. Education Minister Nurul Islam Nahid handed over the certificates to the trainees during the closing ceremony at the Prime Minister’s Office on September 18th. Mr. Prashant Ranjan Verma and Mr. Amit Verma facilitated the training program.
The objective of this program was to make the publishers aware of the lack of reading material in accessible format for persons with print impairments which include people with blindness, low vision, dyslexia, certain physical disabilities and the illiterate/low literate. The participants learnt how they can adopt inclusive publishing by making eBooks which are for everyone including people with disabilities. The publishing industry is in a transition stage where more and more publishers are coming out with eBook versions of their publications. If publishers take care of the accessibility requirements then all eBooks will be born accessible and there will be no need for further adaption for people with print disabilities. This can dramatically increase the availability of reading material for people with print disabilities. More information is provided on the GAATES Global Accessibility News website.
Fee-based Multi-part Series on Creating Accessible EPUB 3 Documents.
This 4-part Webinar series is a fee-based series, but it is free for EASI Annual Webinar members. The registration fee for the series is $225. There is also a scholarship available for those unable to obtain the funds for the series: http://easi.cc/scholarship.htm
Week 1: Tobi, how to enhance accessibility of EPUB 3 publications with synchronized audio and image descriptions
Presenters: Avneesh Singh, Project Manager, DAISY Consortium and Daniel Weck, Systems Architect, DAISY Consortium
Tuesday, October 7: 11 Pacific, noon Mountain, 1 Central and 2 PM Eastern
In this seminar, speakers will summarize the benefits of EPUB 3 for accessible publishing. The presentation will describe how to add audio Media Overlays and image descriptions to existing mainstream e-books. This will be accompanied by live demonstrations, and this webinar will include an open Q&A session.
Week 2: Using Word to Prepare a Document to be Converted into EPUB 3 Format
Presenter: Karen McCall from Canada
Tuesday, October 14: 11 Pacific, noon Mountain, 1 Central and 2 PM Eastern
This week, Karen McCall, provides an overview of the elements of a well-structured Word document that can then be converted to other formats such as EPUB with "relative" ease. Topics include proper use of headings, adding footnotes, end notes, page numbers, lists, tables and providing alternate text and captions for images. It is impossible to overemphasize the importance on clear structure that is accomplished by proper semantic markup. All of this is done behind the scene and is often ignored. Looking good is not enough for a good document.
Week 3: Using RoboBraille to Convert Documents into EPUB 3 Format
Presenter: Lars Ballieu Christensen from Denmark
Tuesday, October 21: 11 Pacific, noon Mountain, 1 Central and 2 PM Eastern
RoboBraille is an automated, self-service solution for people who need to convert documents into alternate formats. The service allows users to convert files in most common formats into audio books, digital braille books and ebooks. The service may also be used to convert otherwise inaccessible tricky documents into more accessible formats. At the webinar, Lars will walk you through the service and how it can be used. He will also talk about how universities and other academic institutions can use the SensusAccess interface to RoboBraille to provide a self-service alternate media solution for students, faculty and alumni.
Week 4: What is EPUB and How to Create EPUB documents from Open Office
Presenter: Norman Coombs
Tuesday, October 28: 11 Pacific, noon Mountain, 1 Central and 2 PM Eastern
Open Office is a free, open source suite of applications that fill similar functions to Microsoft Office. There are many free extensions to download that will extend the capabilities of Open Office. One of the extensions will let you save a document in the EPUB format. In that regard it has similarities to the Save as DAISY add-in for Word.
EASI annual members register from the member-only page at:
Non-members can register and pay online with a PO, credit card or check from the Webinar page: http://easi.cc/clinic.htm#october
Non-members unable to obtain funding for the series should apply for the Dick Banks Memorial scholarship at: http://easi.cc/scholarship.htm
SuperNova 14.03 has been released to expand reading opportunities for blind and partially sighted students.
Thousands of books from Load2Learn and other accessible libraries can be read instantly with SuperNova's unique combination of magnification, speech or braille. SuperNova can also transfer books to a portable player for reading on the go.
Find out more about reading accessible books with SuperNova by watching Dolphin's short video on YouTube.
Web Accessibility Tutorials on Images and Tables are now available. Additional tutorials will be announced soon. These tutorials show you how to create web content that is accessible to people with disabilities and that improves the user experience for all users. They include general guidance, and specific examples for HTML5 and WAI-ARIA. More information is provided on the W3C website.
The Pacific Rim International Conference, considered one of the most ‘diverse gatherings’ in the world, encourages and respects voices from “diverse” perspective across numerous areas, including: voices from persons representing all disability areas; experiences of family members and supporters across all disability and diversity areas; responsiveness to diverse cultural and language differences; evidence of researchers and academics studying diversity and disability; stories of persons providing powerful lessons; examples of program providers, and; action plans to meet human and social needs in a globalized world.
In 2015, new topic areas will promote thoughtful discussion and suggest new ways to integrate education, technology, advocacy, activism and interdisciplinary research. We all strive to strengthen communities and enhance the lives of all human beings. Together, we can harness the tremendous synergy generated by the intermingling and cross-fertilization of diverse perspectives, and ‘spread the word’ as we continue our professional and personal life journey.
Take your first steps to the islands by visiting the conference website: www.pacrim.hawaii.edu. Organizers welcome your ideas, suggestions and enthusiasm. You are welcome to Waikiki, Hawaii, May 18 & 19, 2015.
World Blind Union (WBU) letter to all governments:
The Marrakech Treaty one year on - many signatures but just one state ratification (thank you India).
In June 2013 governments put aside their differences and agreed an historic, ground-breaking treaty to help us end the "book famine" in which just a few percent of books are available in formats we can read. This Treaty must be ratified by at least 20 countries to come into force, so that we can actually benefit from it. An un-ratified treaty is just a piece of paper. World Blind Union has issued a plea to all the world's governments to finish the job they started in Marrakech, and allow us to start the job of getting books to people who so badly need them. You can use the letter on the World Blind Union website as a template to write to your own government, asking them to ratify this treaty.
Techshare Middle East is a conference and exhibition discussing accessibility and assistive technology at a national and regional level with international participation. Techshare will take place in Doha on November 4th and 5th, 2014. It will provide a chance to network, share experiences and influence the future of accessibility throughout the Middle East.
Mada is the Qatar Assistive Technology Center, based at ictQatar in Doha. Mada was created in 2010 to connect people with disabilities to technology. In the last four years Mada has supported hundreds of people to connect to technology through advice, assessment, provision of equipment and training. In 2014 the Prime Minister of Qatar, launched the new Mada strategy for the coming three years. Techshare Middle East provides a key element of that strategy in promoting technology for access and raising awareness of the needs and potential of people with a disability in Qatar. Submit your proposal now. The call for papers closes September 15.
The DAISY Consortium is pleased to announce the latest release of Obi, the popular open source navigable audio book production tool that enables the creation of books conforming to accessible EPUB 3 / DAISY 3/ DAISY 2.02 specifications.
Version 3.5 presents the capability of producing navigable audio-only EPUB 3 publications. Users can now create a publication conforming to the latest revision of the EPUB 3 audio-only guidelines (http://www.daisy.org/ties/navigable-audio-only-epub3-guidelines). They may also import existing EPUB 3 publications (text-only, navigable audio-only & Media Overlays) for modification or conversion to the EPUB 3 audio-only format.
Obi 3.5 includes EPUB 3 Validator to ensure compliance with the EPUB 3 standard, which uses IDPF’s EPUBCheck Validator in the back end. It also introduces the ability to import MP4 files, thereby broadening the scope of Obi users to re-use and re-purpose existing audio content from the web & EPUB 3 publications.
This latest release also introduces the features prioritized by DAISY members, which include:
- Capability of importing structure from CSV or delimited text file. These files can be created by entering the structure information of the book in any spreadsheet software, such as Microsoft Excel, and saving it in the CSV or delimited text file format.
- Introduction of audio profiles for one-click configuration of audio preferences; enabling you to configure the behavior of recording and playback to suit your requirements.
- Smart access to various playback options via Playing Options button on transport bar, and new additions to the Recording Options button.
- Framework for integrating audio processing libraries for functions such as amplification, normalization, etc.
Plus many other enhancements & bug fixes.
The new Obi comes with Japanese & Arabic language packs, along with updates to the French language pack. Thanks go to the following organizations for the translations:
- Assistive Technology Development Organization (Japan) for Japanese
- Bibliotheca Alexandrina (Egypt) for Arabic
- Association Valentin Haüy (France) for continuously updating the French translations.
Please visit the Obi project area to check out the full list of features and improvements:
and download Version 3.5 at
The Obi - Tobi team is committed to enrich Obi with new features. This allows to bring Obi in-sync with the upcoming technologies, as well as serve the members by incorporating the features requested by them. As a result, Obi has become more advanced, convenient and efficient to use.
The DAISY Consortium would like to extend a special thanks to all contributors for their valuable feedback and support.
The 30th Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference, also known as the CSUN Conference, invites submissions of papers for this conference to be held March 2-7, 2015 at the San Diego Manchester Grand Hyatt hotel. The General Call for Papers will be held from August 25, 2014, to October 10, 2014. To begin a submission, visit the General Call for Papers Procedures & Instructions page.
For detailed information about submitting a Scientific/Research Track Call for Papers Proposal, visit the Journal Call for Papers page.
The Web Accessibility Training Day at NFB in Baltimore is coming up soon, and seats are filling fast. Don’t miss the opportunity to attend as the speakers are stellar, and the content is immediately useful to anyone dealing with accessibility. You can find the full program at http://nfb.org/web-accessibility-day. Organizers are looking forward to welcoming you at the Jernigan Institute on September 9th. Registration will close on August 29th.
Pyxima, the developer of the Online DAISY platform, is the Premium Sponsor at IFLA's WLIC 2014 Satellite Conference on August 22-23, 2014 in Paris.
On Friday, August 22nd, starting at 15:30, they will demonstrate the apps that are currently being used by more than 35.000 reading impaired persons in Norway, Sweden and Belgium. In addition, the new Online DAISY app will soon be added to the App store.
On Saturday, August 23rd, starting at 14:30, Pyxima staff will be talking about their project for lending e-books from 300 public libraries in Belgium. In association with this project, they have developed an app for lending e-books from the library and reading these publications online and offline. This app is the first one in the world to combine the Readium open source EPUB reader with the DAISY Online Delivery Protocol.
See the full conference program at http://inova.snv.jussieu.fr/ifla-lpd/colloques/colloques/83_programme_en.html.
During the 2014 call for nominations, the ISIF Asia Award program received 93 nominations across the four categories from 16 economies in the Asia Pacific. Each winner received a cash prize of AUD 3,000 to support the continuation of the project or the organization conducting the activities and a travel grant for a project representative to participate at the 9th Internet Governance Forum (Istanbul, Turkey. 2-5 September 2014) to showcase their project, make new professional contacts, and participate in discussions about the future of the Internet.
The Associate Member of the DAISY Consortium, Young Power in Social Action, won in the Innovation on learning and localization category, for accessible reading materials for grades 1-10 students with print disability through DAISY standard. YPSA's project in Bangladesh supports students with print and learning disabilities, and low literacy by creating access to DAISY full text and full audio digital books, Braille books and accessible e- course books. Approximately four million Bangladeshis are visually impaired, and around 48 per cent of the population is illiterate or low literate. YPSA, along with the Prime Minister¹s Office, has produced DAISY digital multimedia books for the student of years 1 to 5, which proved accessible and cost effective. YPSA will now extend the range of textbooks to cover the entire secondary level. Congratulations, YPSA!